Monthly Archives: September 2017

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NEUROSIS VS PSYCHOSIS

Both neurosis and psychosis express in our psyche the revolt of the id, our instincts more ancestral, against the external reality whose end result is the inability to adapt to that objectivity that confines us. Neurosis and psychosis differ more in the first stage than in the final result: the neurosis flees from a fragment of reality and psychosis prefers to reconstruct it.

The neurosis appears by the imbalances between our aggressive and sexual instincts, our reasoning and the morality-filled norms imposed by our parents, if these imbalances are extreme psychosis appears.

We repressed to survive the chaos, the imbalance, but everything repressed returns unconsciously in the form of neurotic symptom because this suppression is not resolved affectively, the neurotic represses, psychotics dissociate. Denial is the first psychodynamic of psychosis, it is more than repression, psychotic there is no problem not only eliminate the fact but also erase the affective charge. In psychosis in a first time the person departs from reality dissociating and later appear attempts to recover that reality lost through delusions and hallucinations, has a weak self and occurs a depersonalization where the psychotic lives in his life a nightmare from which he can not awaken.

The energy we have used to defend ourselves from our conflicts between instincts and our reasoning is synonymous with resistance, the same energy we use to suppress will appear as a symptom later.

The price of our culture is to suppress and sublimate our conflicts, we heal when we understand our unconscious, the emotions enclosed there, since we behave from the unconscious not from the conscious part of our mind. Children base their emotional learning on what their parents feel not what they say, often being inconsistent, because of it the conflicts locked in the child’s psyche when growing, are usually repressed as in the case of the neurotic or can be dissociated as the psychotic does.

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PSYCHODYNAMICS OF PHOBIAS

Phobias are a very effective way that our mind uses to get rid of the inner anguish we feel, so phobias are a creation, a symptom where there is a displacement of an internal anguish towards another representation outside our psyche that would be the phobic object. Angst is always behind those fears we project on concrete objects or situations, they are memories of primitive fears.

The anguish is present by a dreaded repetition of something that could not be processed at the time, a tension that could not be discharged in an immature psyche, a drive that tries to express itself and from which we try to escape.

The phobia is therefore a defensive formation that transmutes the anguish in fear of one or several objects or situations, arises in critical moments of existence, updating the risk of primitive anguish and abandonment, that is to say when the narcissistic foundations are put into play. Once a phobia has been established, the main defenses against it are repression and avoidance of the feared object, this establishes a closed loop, making it impossible without treatment to find an exit due to fear increasing over time, the discomfort can be so intense that it can incapacitate the person for daily life.

In order to be able to solve phobias totally, first in therapy we must identify and connect with the primordial anguish that lives behind the phobic fear, after trying to tolerate increasingly longer periods of exposure of what we feel as threatening, this allows us to become progressively habituated to the anguish without triggering the automatic avoidance or escape response that is what keeps the phobia active. Free ourselves from phobias totally if that is possible with the right therapy that will teach us to own all our emotional state.

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C0NSCIOUSNESS: AWAKENING TO A GREATER REALITY

We humans as small sentient individuals, we are part of a system that evolves together within a great network of interaction, experiencing pain or sadness however we are confronted with our own loneliness, alienated in an existence that presents us hostile and challenging . In these critical moments, being able to connect with what we are, an awareness that is part of a Great System, reminds us that nothing remains isolated or disconnected from the rest, this individual consciousness reflects the pattern of the absolute, our Greater Reality, we are an element individual design of a large fractal containing the models to define the whole.

Our limited and local perspective does not see the panorama, does not see the great work of which we are part, our suffering appears by the feeling of disconnection that we suffer when we lock ourselves in our individual shells and the fear to survive makes us selfish and inconsiderate.

The capacity to love is inversely proportional to the ego and fear that our Being contains, humility and compassion is what remains when the ego disappears, with love being the final result, a deserved success in the evolution of our consciousness. A balanced individual understands that he is part of a unified consciousness and is productive for the Great System of Consciousness or Ecosystem, he is aware of being interacting with a whole so he cares for it as himself. Love is revealed as our evolutionary purpose, we must get out of our limitations by overcoming our fears, developing a wider perception about nature and the meaning of life, this amplified vision improves the quality of our consciousness and encourage our ability to deliver.

Our God dwells in this absolute of which we are part, fear is only a mirage that confuses and constrains us, the ultimate reality is simply an act of love, the only constructive energy that enables the continuity of the whole fabric of existence.

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RELACIONES OBJETALES

El concepto de relación objetal se utiliza en el psicoanálisis para denominar la manera de relacionarse un sujeto con su mundo, siendo esta relación el resultado de la forma en que está estructurada su personalidad, así como las fantasías puestas en los objetos y  sus principales defensas psíquicas. El bebé es un organismo psicológicamente indiferenciado que se irá distinguiendo progresivamente de su medio a través de la maduración y el desarrollo.

La psicoanalista Melanie Klein destaca que son los vínculos y no las pulsiones como fuerzas biológicas las que producen el desarrollo mental, donde la conexión de la madre con el niño posibilita que se formen las estructuras intrapsíquicas que se derivan de la internalización de ese vínculo.

Las funciones de autoconservación marcan el primer objeto de la sexualidad para el niño: el pecho materno, posteriormente éste aprende a amar a otras personas que lo ayudan y satisfacen en sus necesidades, este amor se forma sobre el modelo y como prolongación de las relaciones con la madre. Este patrón emocional es lo que orientará luego la elección de una persona como objeto de amor después de la pubertad, la cual se produce apoyándose en las imagos de las figuras parentales, entendiendo por imago la distorsión idealizada de una persona o un objeto.

Vemos que los patrones de correspondencia que hemos desplegado en nuestra infancia temprana son los que definen la forma en que habremos de enlazarnos con los demás por el resto de nuestras vidas y constituye la esencia de nuestra personalidad.

Si la madre permite al hijo expresar su verdadero Self en interacción con ella, éste podrá desarrollar todo su potencial libre de tener que acomodarse a los deseos o necesidades de la madre, este niño al crecer con su estructura psíquica bien configurada podrá elegir libremente sus relaciones sin tener que adaptarlas a patrones inconscientes relacionales de sus primeros estadios de vida.

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REPETITION COMPULSION

There are intrapsychic conflicts that cause a person to act committing the same unpleasant experiences over and over again, no matter how old they are, the subject lives them as they have been motivated by their current situation. It is placed in painful situations without being aware that they reproduce ancient experiences and that it is still defenseless before them.

Trauma is via regia to access repetition, there is a restorative tendency in this compulsion that would be a function that would try to reestablish the situation prior to trauma and for it the mind uses repetitive phenomena to benefit the Self.

From certain events that we can not experience, the unconscious elements can not be symbolized and a process of repetition will begin, it is necessary to glimpse that there is behind what struggles to leave that he wants to tell us, Freud spoke of the “destiny neurosis “ that would be one failure after another without any apparent logic.

The repetition appears in different clinical phenomena: as in the obsessive symptoms where handwashing is ritualized repeatedly, the components that are reiterated are certain inhibitions, unusable tendencies, pathological character traits. The uncontrollable compulsion is linked to suffering, either of the person himself or of those around him, where the failure of repression as defensive psychodynamics is the main cause of its expression.

The contents that have remained repressed or misunderstood return again and again in the form of symptoms or inadequate behaviors, observing a self-destructive tendency that insists, does not cease. Only a therapy, focused on addressing the causes of pathological symptoms, may have the possibility of finding a way to cure, that which persists in expressing itself but can not be remembered.

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EMOTIONAL AMBIVALENCE

The first bond that protects us when we come to this world is the maternal, in this connection we find the essential sustenance to ensure our survival, this nexus of union so intense from the first breath of life, is full of deep affections that will forge our primitive archetypes of behavior with our first object relations. Since the baby is born he is immersed in a hectic emotional world, given the limited range of autonomous resources he has, his survival instinct urges him to demand the nourishmen he needs to survive, causing him a pleasant feeling of gratification when he succeeds, and frustration and pain in the absence of it.

All the instinctive aggression that the baby feels projected in his internal figures, formed by his parents and caregivers, we could speak here of the birth of a very incipient guilt coming from instinctive impulses that the baby feels against its first objects loved.

Here we could find the seat of our emotional ambivalence, an unconscious and instinctive pattern that is inserted in our way of relating emotionally, this affective attitude in which coexist contradictory impulses that derive from a common source, can provoke much anxiety in all our bonds due to the impulsive character of the same ones. Most of the time one of the two feelings is repressed and we can express our love without anger or hate being exposed, it is expressed only indirectly.

In the course of analytic therapy, this aggressive part that is repressed and disconnected from our attachments can be revealed, we must understand that all these processes are impulsive and unconscious, gestated when our cognitive system was forming.

In many psychic disorders this repression of ambivalence becomes more labile and can trigger much suffering by not being able to separate this contradictory feeling towards the same person. Emotional ambivalence is inherent to the human being and we must learn to assimilate and interpret that instinctive part of our affections in order to be free from the feeling of guilt and confusion that can block us in our relationships.

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