Tag Archives: repression



The human being to become aware thinks he left behind all his ancestral instincts which made possible the survival of the species, to become rational beings jump from the instinct that is blind and we begin to think. Intelligence appears but conservation impulses still function in our reptilian brain automatically and the price we pay for it is neurosis, a conflict between instinct and reason, aggression is the way to defend ourselves against conflicts, this covert unprocessed aggression is what produces the neurotic conflict.

Repression is the first defensive psychodynamic in neurosis, where all our confrontations remain unresolved, we have repressed the memory but not the feeling that arises from the conflicts we have with our instinctive demands. The symptom that produces the neurosis is formed in substitution of something that has not been able to manifest itself to the conscience, it is a transaction of an unconscious psychic process that achieves its access to the conscience in exchange for deforming itself until it is unrecognizable, everything repressed returns as a neurotic symptom when the repression is not resolved affectively.

The neurosis is hereditary not biologically but psychologically, we transfer to our offspring all our unresolved unconscious conflicts and project upon them our own internal disputes with our most archaic part.

So we coexist with a neurotic socioculture, a reflection of our own inability to understand and sublimate all the struggles that remain permanently active in the interior, between our aggressive and instinctive impulses. Within the neurosis we find the obsessive neurosis, the phobias and the hysteria that is currently called conversion disorder, what differentiates each of them is the predominance of the type of psychic defense, that is, the way in which the intrapsychic conflict is resolved determines the type of emergent neurosis.

Anxiety is a prevalent symptom in all neuroses due to the unconscious containment of instinctual drives we perceive a diffuse anguish from which we can´t identify its origin. Through analytic therapy we can make contact with the psychic defenses that we have used to combat the different instinctual impulses and the different conflicts, by making conscious all this dynamics, we put light to the way in which we defend ourselves from our most primitive part and learn to accept and integrate these impulses, once identified, in a more constructive way for our life.



Phobias are a very effective way that our mind uses to get rid of the inner anguish we feel, so phobias are a creation, a symptom where there is a displacement of an internal anguish towards another representation outside our psyche that would be the phobic object. Angst is always behind those fears we project on concrete objects or situations, they are memories of primitive fears.

The anguish is present by a dreaded repetition of something that could not be processed at the time, a tension that could not be discharged in an immature psyche, a drive that tries to express itself and from which we try to escape.

The phobia is therefore a defensive formation that transmutes the anguish in fear of one or several objects or situations, arises in critical moments of existence, updating the risk of primitive anguish and abandonment, that is to say when the narcissistic foundations are put into play. Once a phobia has been established, the main defenses against it are repression and avoidance of the feared object, this establishes a closed loop, making it impossible without treatment to find an exit due to fear increasing over time, the discomfort can be so intense that it can incapacitate the person for daily life.

In order to be able to solve phobias totally, first in therapy we must identify and connect with the primordial anguish that lives behind the phobic fear, after trying to tolerate increasingly longer periods of exposure of what we feel as threatening, this allows us to become progressively habituated to the anguish without triggering the automatic avoidance or escape response that is what keeps the phobia active. Free ourselves from phobias totally if that is possible with the right therapy that will teach us to own all our emotional state.

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